Skip to content
Obese dog

What Should I Feed My Diabetic Dog?

Managing diabetes in dogs requires a holistic approach that includes medication, regular exercise, and, most importantly, a balanced diet. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the nuances of what to feed a diabetic dog to best manage their condition.


Understanding Canine Diabetes

Before we discuss diet, it's essential to understand what diabetes is and how it affects your dog.

What is Canine Diabetes?

  • Type 1 Diabetes: In this form, the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Here, the body doesn't respond well to insulin.

Symptoms to Watch For:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss despite normal eating habits

Table: Risk Factors for Canine Diabetes

Risk Factor


Age Older dogs are more susceptible
Obesity Increases insulin resistance
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas can affect insulin production


Dietary Requirements

Diet plays a crucial role in managing diabetes, and there are specific things you should focus on.

Important Nutrients:

  • High-Quality Protein: Helps in muscle retention and overall well-being.
  • Complex Carbohydrates: Slows down glucose release into the bloodstream.
  • Fibre: Aids in digestion and also helps control blood sugar levels.

Foods to Avoid:

  • Foods high in sugar
  • High-fat foods
  • Foods with artificial additives

Commercial vs. Homemade

Deciding between commercial dog food and homemade meals can be challenging.

Commercial Food:

  • Pros: Convenient, nutritionally balanced.
  • Cons: May contain additives, less control over ingredients.

Homemade Food:

  • Pros: Total control over ingredients, can tailor to your dog's needs.
  • Cons: Time-consuming, risk of nutritional imbalance.

Brands to Consider for Commercial Food:

  • Royal Canin Diabetic: Specialised food for diabetic dogs.
  • Hill's Prescription Diet w/d: Clinically tested to regulate blood sugar.

Monitoring Blood Sugar

Regular monitoring is crucial for managing diabetes effectively.

Tips for Monitoring:

  • Home Testing Kits: Convenient but require proper technique.
  • Veterinary Checks: More accurate but can be stressful for the dog.

Table: Blood Sugar Levels

Blood Sugar Level (mg/dL)


Below 80 Low, risk of hypoglycaemia
80–120 Normal range
Above 120 High, risk of hyperglycaemia



Consulting Your Vet

Consulting your vet is crucial for managing diabetes effectively.

When to Consult:

  • Initial Diagnosis: To establish a management plan.
  • Diet Changes: Before making significant changes to your dog's diet.
  • Symptom Flare-ups: Such as excessive thirst or changes in appetite.


Q: Can I give treats to my diabetic dog?
A: Yes, but opt for low-sugar, high-protein treats and always consult your vet.

Q: How often should I feed my diabetic dog?
A: It's often recommended to feed smaller, more frequent meals to help regulate blood sugar.

Q: Can diabetes be cured in dogs?
A: While there's no cure, diabetes can be managed effectively with the right diet, medication, and regular monitoring.


Managing diabetes in dogs is a multi-faceted approach that requires a focus on diet, among other things. By understanding the condition, adhering to specific dietary requirements, choosing between commercial and homemade food, monitoring blood sugar levels, and consulting your vet regularly, you can significantly improve your diabetic dog's quality of life.


Older Post
Newer Post

Shopping Cart